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Role of Ayurveda in Pet Care.

Abstract

During ancient times, the great sages of Ayurveda knew the importance of healthy animals and birds too. At that time, medical science was divided into three main categories- Ayurveda (for the health of mankind), Pashu Ayurveda (for animal welfare) and Vriksha Ayurveda (for plant health). Ayurvedic herbs and treatments have been in use for thousands of years for maintaining the health of animals.

Medicinal herbs contain a variety of pharmacologically active ingredients and each herb has its own unique properties.

 

Herbs useful for animals are:

1. Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia): Giloy is widely used in various Ayurvedic formulations. It protects the animals from various infections as it is immune-modulatory in nature. Being an anti-endotoxic, it stimulates phagocytosis and useful in immuno-compromised conditions. Guduchi is a wonderful herb for the treatment of fever and inflammation in dogs and cats.

2. Ginger (Zingiber officinale): Ginger is considered as a gastro-intestinal tract in Ayurveda. It provides relief in various digestive disorders like Dyspepsia, Flatulence, Indigestion etc. Ginger restores the disturbed ruminal motility in animals and also stabilises the ruminal pH.  It also stimulates the production of saliva and induces the growth of the ruminal microbial population.

3. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera): Ashwagandha is a unique herb known for its adaptogenic and anti-stress properties. The use of ashwagandha for cats and dogs helps in increasing their physiological endurance. It also helps with behaviour problems in animals such as restlessness, hyperexcitability, aggression etc. Ashwagandha also acts as an anti-oxidant and accelerates cellular regeneration and repair.

4. Jambira (Citrus limon): To protect the pets from bad odour, natural herb Jambira is of great use. It helps the pet to smell great. It is a natural way to have a clean, cool and citrusy animal coat as it helps the pets to remain free from bad odour and insects. Jambira is very useful for pets especially puppies up to 2 months of age.

5. Neem (Azadirachta indica): Neem is useful for pets as it relieves itching and irritation. It also fights against bacterial and fungal infections of the skin. Water boiled in neem leaves is also very effective for the treatment of skin infections in animals. Neem water helps in removing dirt and dust from the skin and improves overall skin hygiene. Neem leaves also provide relief in dandruff on the pet’s skin and hair coat. Other skin conditions such as pyoderma and pruritus are also effectively treated with neem in animals.

6. Mukta Shukti: Mukta Shukti is a natural source of calcium and phosphorus which is derived from oyster shell. This compound ensures the formation of strong bones in animals. Mukta Shukti is useful for optimal bone development in puppies and as adjuvant therapy for rickets and for the formation of strong teeth and bones in adult cats and dogs. Phosphorus plays a major role in synthesising proteins in the body.

7. Kasani (Cichorium intybus): Kasani is commonly known as Chicory. It is a natural appetite stimulant which increases appetite in pets. This herb is highly useful for the treatment of enlarged liver and protects against the liver damage by regenerating liver cells. It is beneficial in jaundice and ascites in animals. This herb can be used as an adjuvant in the treatment of canine and feline viral hepatitis and parvovirus infection as well.

8. Ajamoda (Apium graveolens): Ajamoda commonly known as celery is a herb which corrects digestive disturbances associated with bloating. Ajamoda cleanses urinary bladder, relieves bladder pain, improves strength and useful Worm infestation, Vomiting, Hiccups, Anorexia i.e. lack of interest in food. It also exhibits anti-inflammatory activity and reduces oedema.

These herbs for veterinary use can be given or prepared in a number of ways:

• Fresh herbs can be chopped and mixed with food as it is the ideal way to give herbs when they are available.

• Dried herbs can be administered by adding them to food.

• Decoctions or infusions can be prepared by adding hot water for external or internal use.

• The oil infusions of herbs can be applied on sore joints.

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Best Herbal Treatment for ITP

Abstract

ITP (Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura) is a disorder that leads to the reduction of platelets in the blood which causes excessive and easy bruising and bleeding. In most cases, children develop ITP from a viral infection and recover from easily without taking any treatment but adults need to take treatment for the recovery.

Symptoms of ITP are:

• Purple spots on the skin that look like a rash

• Blood in urine or stools

• Easy bruising

• Heavy menstrual flow in females

Modern medicine practitioners prescribe steroids, immune globulin injections, and other drugs that boost platelet production. Somehow those may have some side effects and results are not assured sometimes.

Ayurvedic concept of ITP:

ITP is co-related with Raktpitta in Ayurveda on the basis of signs and symptoms. Raktpitta is a bleeding disorder where Pitta vitiated blood flows out. The Pitta dosha gets vitiated and circulates in the bloodstream which is manifested sub-cutaneously. We need to give cooling herbs to deal with this disorder. Let's discuss this.

Herbal Remedies for ITP are:

1. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera): The roots of the Ashwagandha plant act as an immuno-modulator. The roots also strengthen the bone marrow and bones. They increase the production of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets.  Being an immune-modulator, this herb inhibits the immunosuppressive state of the body. Therefore, ashwagandha is a very useful herb in ITP as it increases the platelet count by working on the immune system.

2. Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia): Giloy is a miracle herb useful in the treatment of ITP due to its immuno-modulating, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and anti-allergic properties. It works on the immune system and increases the platelet count in an effective and natural way.

3. Durwa Grass (Cynodon dactylon): Durwa grass is known as simple grass. It is very useful in ITP as it controls bleeding. It is cold in potency and balances Pitta and Kapha dosha. The whole plant is used for medicinal purposes. Take 10-20 ml of fresh durwa grass once or twice a day.

4. Spirulina: Spirulina is considered as an important dietary supplement which is obtained from a type of blue-green algae.  It is a source of excellent nutritional content. Spirulina has antioxidant, inflammation-fighting properties and has the ability to boost the immune system. It helps in the treatment of ITP by working on the immune system and also serves as a source of nutrition for ITP patients as blood loss can lead to fatigue and weakness.

 

5. Amla (Emblica officinalis):  Amla has been used in Ayurveda for thousands of years. Amla provides relief in ITP as it is cooling and in nature and supports a healthy immune response. It rejuvenates all the tissues in the body and builds ojas as well. Take 10-20 ml freshly prepared amla juice once or twice a day.

6. Arjun: Arjun plant comes under Sheet virya herb i.e. herb which has cold potency. The bark of the Arjun tree is astringent in nature. Being cold in potency, this herb balances Pitta dosha. Due to the astringent property, it arrests excessive bleeding. Therefore, Arjun herb helps in the treatment of ITP in an effective way.

7. Gandhak (Sulphur): Purified sulphur is used for medicinal purposes. In Ayurveda, it is used in the purified form in minute quantity. Sulphur has the ability to cure even changes that occurred in DNA. It shows excellent results in skin problems.

8. Akik Pishti (Agate Calcium): Agate is a gemstone that is found at the bottom of the sea. Akik Pishti is an Ayurvedic compound which is cooling in nature and used for balancing Pitta dosha. It is most suited for bleeding disorders. Since this compound balances Pitta dosha, it is considered as a natural and excellent remedy for ITP.

Tips:

-Freshly prepared juice of papaya leaves is also beneficial for increasing the number of platelets.

-All sour fruits increase Pitta dosha so sour fruits should be avoided as sour fruits can cause fermentation in the stomach leading to the vitiation of Pitta dosha.

-Intake of sour fruits with milk and milk products should be avoided.

-Avoid spicy foods, alcohol, tea, and coffee.

-Drink the juice of carrot, pomegranate, and beetroot.

-Opt for all gourd vegetables.

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